RICO: Pyramid Scheme Is Per Se a Predicate Act — Foreseeability & Inference-Based Causation Theories — Class Actions: Plaintiff Needn’t Show Reliance on Mail Fraud, So No Individual Issues Preclude Finding Predominance

Torres v. S.G.E. Mgmt., LLC, 2016 U.S. App. LEXIS 17746 (5th Cir. Sept. 30, 2016) (en banc): The Plaintiffs-Appellees brought a civil action under the Racketeer Influenced [*3]  and Corrupt Organizations Act ("RICO"), 18 U.S.C. §§ 1961-68, alleging that Stream Energy, through its multi-level marketing program, Ignite, as well as a number of other defendants, (collectively the "Defendants") operated a ...

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