Commercial Litigation and Arbitration

Judicial Notice of Internet Evidence — Mapping Tools (Google Maps)

United States v. Farley, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 44169, 2019 WL 1245135 (N.D. Cal. Mar. 18, 2019):

Footnote 11.  Farley also argues the stop was improper because the tip was about a suspicious driver in a silver Infiniti near the Cliff House, but Officer Kunzel stopped him at the Legion of Honor — "a full 1.6 miles away from the Cliff House." March 3 Stop Reply at 2 (emphasis in original). However, the Court's Google Maps search shows that it takes five minutes to drive from the Cliff House to the Legion of Honor. See United States v. Perea-Rey, 680 F.3d 1179, 1182 n.1 (9th Cir. 2012) (taking judicial notice of Google's maps and satellite images as a source whose accuracy cannot be reasonably be questioned); Crandall v. Starbucks Corp., 249 F. Supp. 3d 1087, 1099 (N.D. Cal. 2017) (recognizing that courts have taken judicial notice of facts gleaned from internet mapping tools such as Google Maps) (citation and quotations omitted). Given the facts above, the Court finds that the short drive from the Cliff House to the Legion of Honor does not change the result.

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