Commercial Litigation and Arbitration

Sole Proprietorship May Proceed Pro Se in Federal Court

From A. L. Enters. v. Sebron, 2008 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 100391 (D. Utah Dec. 10, 2008):

Many cases have recognized that although an entity cannot appear pro se, an exception exists when an entity is a sole proprietorship, because "a sole proprietorship has no legal existence apart from its owner." [Footnote 3. United States v. Fox, 721 F.2d 32, 36 (2d Cir. 1983); Latanzio v. Galen Institute, Inc., 481 F.3d 137, 140 (2d Cir. 2007).] Thus, many courts have held that "sole proprietorships may proceed pro se in federal court." [Footnote 4. United Parcel Serv. v. The Net, Inc., 185 F.Supp.2d 274, 279-280 (E.D.N.Y. 2002); Lowery v. Hoffman, 188 F.R.D. 651, 653-54 (M.D.Ala. 1999).]

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